President Obama’s Affordable Care Act, which was deemed constitutional Thursday by the Supreme Court, includes some major tax changes that will take effect next year. Here’s a refresher course on how sweeping health-care reform will impact individual taxpayers like you.
Right now, the Medicare tax on salary and/or self-employment (SE) income is 2.9%. If you’re an employee, 1.45% is withheld from your paychecks, and the other 1.45% is paid by your employer. If you’re self-employed, you pay the whole 2.9% yourself.
Starting in 2013, an extra 0.9% Medicare tax will be charged on: (1) salary and/or SE income above $200,000 for an unmarried individual, (2) combined salary and/or SE income above $250,000 for a married joint-filing couple, and (3) salary and/or SE income above $125,000 for those who use married filing separate status. For self-employed individuals, the additional 0.9% Medicare tax hit will come in the form of a higher SE bill.